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Ontological Argument. A sound argument is one which is both valid and contains true premises (Chapter 2, Writing Philosophy). The objection raised by Gaunilo is that the same logical reasoning used by Anselm to prove God’s existence can be used to prove things certain do not exist. It is an A* essay and uses Anselm, Descartes, Malcolm with challenges from Gaunilo, Kant and Hume. To exist in reality and in the understanding is greater than to exist in the understanding alone. As a result, we can see that Anselm’s ontological argument is both valid, and sound, from an examination of it’s premises. No plagiarism, guaranteed! In this paper I will argue that Anselm’s ontological argument for the existence of God is indeed adequate for establishing the necessary existence of the Greatest Conceivable Being. A look at theologist Anselm’s ontological argument for God’s existence which has been debated for almost a thousand years. All work is written to order. ontological argument Essay Examples. The ontological argument is often laughed off by Christians and atheists alike, but when seriously engaged has proven more difficult to shoot down than it initially appears. Words. The arguments attempt to prove God's existence from the meaning of the word God. However, while the ontological argument may be valid, it remains to be shown that it is sound. In order to do so, a condensed form of Anselm’s argument is required. What is the problem with Malcolm's argument according to Platinga? Instead, it seeks to prove God’s existence using essence. Company Registration No: 4964706. P rofessional philosophers commonly regard the Ontological Argument as the best single logical argument in favor of God’s existence. Reference this. St. Anselm, Archbishop of Cantebury (1033-1109), is the originator of the ontological argument, which he describes in the Proslogium as follows:[Even a] fool, when he hears of … a being than which nothing greater can be conceived … understands what he hears, and what he understands is in his understanding.… And assuredly that, than which nothing greater can be conceived, cannot exist in the understanding alone. Therefore, Anselm reaches the conclusion that God must exist in both concept and in reality. In this essay it shall be discussed whether there are any arguments which work to prove the existence of God. An ontological argument is a philosophical argument, made from an ontological basis, that is advanced in support of the existence of God.Such arguments tend to refer to the state of being or existing.More specifically, ontological arguments are commonly conceived a priori in regard to the organization of the universe, whereby, if such organizational structure is true, God must exist. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. The ontological argument is an a priori argument that attempts to prove God’s existence based purely on reason. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. to. More info . The promotion is valid for either 10% or 15% off any service. Ontological arguments, by their nature attempt to prove the existence of God using deductive reasoning to a point of logical necessity. 1.3 Starting Point, definition is understandable to everyone. I will now move onto a refutation of Gaunilo’s objection to Anselm’s ontological argument. Tutoring and Online Course for A level students, with both content and training in A grade writing skills. Outline the Ontological argument for the existence of God and consider the view that, while it may strengthen a believer's faith, it has no value for the non-believer. 4. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! In fact, many secular philosophers have conceded that the Modal Ontological Argument (the version of the argument under consideration in this article) holds up under even the … This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. The perfect island is by definition an island than which no greater island can be conceived, and that if a perfect-island exists in as an idea in the mind but not in reality, a greater island than the perfect- island can be conceived (Gaunilo 17). Philosophy Ontological Argument. By accepting premise A], as we must in order to evaluate the argument, we must concede this it is necessarily greater for God to exist in reality. 3. The more of these that an island has, the better the island would conceivably be. As a result, if Anselm’s method of reasoning is deemed appropriate, then Gaunilo’s must be appropriate as well. (The word ‘ontological’ comes from ‘ontology’, the study of (-ology) of what exists or ‘being’ (ont).) Following the logic in his argument, this essay will establish that the ontological proof is a valid argument. However, unlike the ontological argument, it derives the conclusion that God exists from a posterior premise (with evidence), as it is based on what can be seen in the world and the universe. To qualify for the discount, you must have paid at least 50% of your order cost by 23:59 on Wednesday 3rd of December 2020 (UTC/GMT). The traditional definition of an ontological argument was given by Immanuel Kant. You can view samples of our professional work here. A defense of the ontological argument Daniel Andrews In this essay I will first explain the ontological argument and my reasons for choosing it. Finally, Anselm’s assertion that “to exist in reality and in the understanding is greater than to exist in the understanding alone” is necessarily sound by our acceptance of his definition of God. The ontological argument was first devised in 1078 by St Anselm, then the Archbishop of Canterbury in part two and three of his book The Proslogian. Search Pages. Explain the reasoning of the Ontological argument as a proof for the existence of God. This is incompatible since if God is omnipotent, then he should be able to create a being with free will; if he is omniscient, then he should know exactly what such a being will do (thus rendering them without free will). Promotion runs from 00:01am to 11:59pm (GMT/UTC) on the 30th November 2020. Looking for a flexible role? Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. This is not to say that Anselm’s definition of God is a controversial one, indeed it is a commonly accepted monotheistic interpretation of the nature of God (Mark C. Smith, January 18th Lecture). While the ontological argument has been the subject of fierce criticism by many contemporary philosophers, many of the criticisms of it result from a failure to properly understand the argument. (Interested readers are referred to Sobel 1987, Anderson1990, Adams 1995b, and Hazen 1999 for the history of these arguments,and for the scholarly annotations and emend… Tutors and online course available now. According to the argument, there is no need to wander around looking for physical evidence of the existence of God; we can easily work out that he exists just by thinking about it. Anselm declares that it is one thing for an object to exist in the mind, yet another to understand that it actually exists. Gaunilo contends that it is only the definition of “a-concept-than-which-nothing-greater-can-be-conceived” that allows Anselm and himself to prove the existence of God and the perfect-island respectively. Anselm does not believe that this conclusion is accurate, however, stating that it is “obviously impossible”. 15MONDAY2020 can only be used on orders with a 14 day or longer delivery. We can conceive of a being than which none greater can be conceived – God exists in the understanding. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? 1.2 If you agree with the original statement, 'God is Greater than everything' (paraphrased quote) it is logical. Ontological Argument Essay 1025 Words | 5 Pages. Furthermore, the perfect-island could be made greater in a measurable fashion if it was to have a slightly increased landmass – this reasoning would persist until the perfect-island becomes infinitely large. � �}��ƒ���w�(8��="G��˚�x|����L����[m��aS�(� y�]������k�GɓlUu7٤ȹzb��aK�kuuݻؼ��×ǧ?�z�F�88�w_}0�s$����Oُ�I’�Dtk�8K6��W���{��a?�p]l,kS)�Lb���:3���V���m,�o�c�X$�8d��E��+��q0�|�I���cM�����{�o��#�P����D�|��D�"������8��\�z-��W������������9B��yW�^ԟ��W=�r���G�����j��lxݤ#)��Uv��޿��P$��|�8��o�X�����_�n���x�F���+�n �a2r���X&�@���HdtkT$����b1��BjQ,�Y������ ����C)��D�X��Wށ熰�'~6�҆M��~B�u��j�z�hx;��t6 �_�_@�n��7v�S��S��ݰ|��e�̓���������tk�;�i�k�w�b�g�(N�W�����''��@d���˺��ǃ���A2��F���ME��4�)�n�gNh����qO�A"�e? They attempt to show that we can deduce God’s existence from, so to speak, the very definition of God. Provided that the premises are sound, the conclusion does indeed follow. Gaunilo raised an objection to the ontological argument on the grounds that Anselm’s argument can be altered to prove the existence of any concept simply by using the definition that the concept is greater than all other concepts which can be conceived. Ontological Argument For God's Existence Essay. The word "ontology" is a Greek word relating to the concept of being. Essay Most people have not witnessed or experienced God and therefore are confused about its existence. Essay on Anselm’s Ontological Argument 1217 Words | 5 Pages. Therefore, Anselm’s ontological argument is convincing, despite Gaunilo’s objections, and is adequate for establishing the necessary existence of the Greatest Conceivable Being. Anselm states that even this fool, “when he hears of this being of which I speak – a being-than-which-nothing- greater-can-be-thought – understands what he hears, and what he understands is in his understanding; although he does not understand it to actually exist” (Anselm 15). There is nothing to suggest that Anselm’s argument is invalid. Part 1: Apologetics for Everyone Part 2: The Cosmological Arguments. In order to show this, the individual premises of the ontological argument must be evaluated. Upon completion of the painting, the painter will understand that it exists in his mind, for they had the image of the painting before he created it, and in reality, because now they can see the painting before themselves with their own eyes (Anselm 15). Describe Platinga's version of the ontological argument. There are various systems and arguments for proving God’s existence; created by a plethora of theologists, psychologists, and philosophers, but I will be focusing on one: The Ontological Argument for God’s existence. The premises of Anselm’s ontological argument were demonstrated to be sound when examined in the context of Anselm’s definition of the Greatest Conceivable Being. The Ontological Argument was, and still is, a hot-topic for debate among philosophers; many famous philosophers have published criticisms of the theory including Immanuel Kant and St. Thomas Aquinas. By reaching this conclusion, Anslem is trying to show that if one understands God to be the Greatest Conceivable Being and only exist in understanding as a concept, but not reality, then the conclusion opposes the premises. No fault can be found with postulating the existence of such a being as defined by premise A]. Essentially, Anselm makes the claim that even “the fool” is forced to concede that the concept of the Greatest Conceivable Being exists in the mind, because he has been told of it. The only critical difference between Anselm’s argument and Gaunilo’s argument is the use of the perfect-island in place of God. Gaunilo puts forth this objection when he argues about the existence of the “Lost Island”, a conceivable perfect island. 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